The shoal bass is often confused with the redeye bass due to its red-tinted eyes, but they do not have teeth on the tongue like redeye bass do. Actually one of the black basses, it is native to subtropical waters in Florida and Georgia, and also found in Alabama. Adult shoal bass are olive green on the back and white on the venter. Several rows of darkened scales form distinct parallel lines along the lower sides of the body. Small individuals have along their sides several vertical, dark blotches that fade somewhat with age. Shoal bass feed mainly on aquatic insects on the surface. They also feed on larval insects, crayfish and fish.
Shoal bass are closely associated with rock shoals and riffles of small to moderate fast-flowing streams and apparently avoid reservoirs.
The shoal bass is common in the Apalachicola and Chipola Rivers, and also known in the Chattahoochee and Flint river drainages.